U.S. Citizenship Laws & Policy
The information below provides general guidance about how a person may acquire or lose U.S. citizenship. View information on the passport/midwife lawsuit, Castelano et al. v. Clinton et al.
Acquisition of Citizenship
- Important Information for U.S. Citizens Considering the Use of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Abroad
- Information for Parents on U.S. Citizenship and DNA Testing
- How to Get a Certificate of Citizenship for Your Child
- How to Replace Certificate of Citizenship or Naturalization
- Acquisition of U.S. Citizenship by a Child Born Abroad
- Child Citizenship Act of 2000 – Sections 320 and 322 of the Immigration and Nationality Act
Loss of Citizenship and Nationality
A U.S. citizen by birth or naturalization INA 301 (8 U.S.C. 1401), INA 310 (8 U.S.C. 1421) or a U.S. noncitizen national INA 308 (8 U.S.C. 1408), INA 101(29) (8 U.S.C. 1101(29)) will lose U.S. nationality (“expatriate”) her or himself by committing a statutory act of expatriation as defined in INA 349 (8 U.S.C. 1481), or predecessor statute, but only if the act is performed (1) voluntarily and (2) with the intention of relinquishing U.S. citizenship. The U.S. Supreme Court has spoken (Afroyim v. Rusk, 387 U.S. 253 (1967) and Vance v. Terrazas, 444 U.S. 252 (1980)): a person cannot lose U.S. nationality unless he or she voluntarily relinquishes that status.
- Renunciation of U.S. Nationality
- Renunciation of U.S. Nationality by Persons Claiming a Right of Residence in the U.S.
- Possible Loss of U.S. Nationality and Dual Nationality
- Possible Loss of U.S. Nationality and Foreign Military Service
- Possible Loss of U.S. Nationality and Seeking Public Office in a Foreign State