|Party to Hague Service Convention?
|Party to Hague Evidence Convention?
|Party to Hague Apostille Convention?
|Party to Inter-American Convention?
|Service of Process by Mail?
THE INFORMATION RELATING TO THE LEGAL REQUIREMENTS OF SPECIFIC FOREIGN COUNTRIES IS PROVIDED FOR GENERAL INFORMATION ONLY
AND MAY NOT BE TOTALLY ACCURATE IN A PARTICULAR CASE. QUESTIONS INVOLVING INTERPRETATION OF SPECIFIC FOREIGN LAWS SHOULD BE
ADDRESSED TO FOREIGN ATTORNEYS. THIS CIRCULAR SEEKS ONLY TO PROVIDE INFORMATION; IT IS NOT AN OPINION ON ANY ASPECT OF U.S.,
FOREIGN, OR INTERNATIONAL LAW. THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE DOES NOT INTEND BY THE CONTENTS OF THIS CIRCULAR TO TAKE A POSITION
ON ANY ASPECT OF ANY PENDING LITIGATION.
- Embassies and Consulates
- U.S. Embassy Manila
1201 Roxas Boulevard
Manila, Philippines 1000
Telephone: (63) (2) 301-2000
Emergency Telephone: (63)(2) 301-2000 or 526-9819/526-9820
Fax: (63) (2) 301-2017
U.S. Consular Agent - Cebu City
Ground Level, Waterfront Hotel
Lahug, Cebu City
Telephone: (63)(32) 231-1261
Emergency Telephone: Please contact the U.S. Embassy in Manila.
Fax: (63)(32) 231-0174
- List of Attorneys
- U.S. Embassy Manila
- Helpful Links
- Service of Process
The Philippines is not a party to the Hague Service Convention. In the absence of any prohibition against it, service of
process in the Philippines may be effected by mail, by agent, such as a local attorney, or through letters rogatory. Litigants
may wish to consult an attorney in the Philippines before pursuing a particular method of service of process, particularly
if enforcement of a U.S. judgment is contemplated in the future.
Service on a Foreign State: See also our Service Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) feature and FSIA Checklist for questions about service on a foreign state, agency or instrumentality.
- Criminal Matters
Prosecution Requests: U.S. federal or state prosecutors should also contact the Office of International Affairs, Criminal Division, Department of Justice for guidance.
Defense Requests in Criminal Matters: Criminal defendants or their defense counsel seeking judicial assistance in obtaining evidence or in effecting service of
documents abroad in connection with criminal matters may do so via the letters rogatory process.
- Obtaining Evidence in Civil and Commercial Matters
- Taking Voluntary Depositions of Willing Witnesses
- Philippine authorities have advised the U.S. Embassy that voluntary depositions of willing witnesses in civil and commercial
matters may be taken before U.S. consular officers in the Philippines. The Philippines is not a party to the Hague Evidence
Convention. Voluntary depositions may be conducted in the Philippines regardless of the nationality of the witness, provided
no compulsion is used. Oral depositions or depositions on written questions may be taken by U.S. consular officers or by private
attorneys from the United States or the Philippines at the U.S. Embassy or at another location such as a hotel or office,
either on notice or pursuant to a commission. If the services of a U.S. consular officer are required to administer an oath
to the witness, interpreter and stenographer, such arrangements must be made in advance with the U.S. embassy directly.
- Authentication of Documents
- The Philippines is not a party to the Hague Convention Abolishing the Legalization of Foreign Public Documents. Documents
issued in the United States may be authenticated for use in the Philippines by (a) contacting the U.S. Department of State Authentications Office and (b) then having the seal of the U.S. Department of State authenticated by the Embassy of the Philippines in Washington,
D.C. Documents issued in U.S. states must first be authenticated by the designated state authority, generally the state Secretary